In modern circles, we speak casually of the “Scientific Method”, but this was not the original name of this method of investigation. In 1620, Francis Bacon called for the rejection of the “Scholastic Method” that was held by the Catholic Church, and urged modern society to embrace a method he titled the “Novum Organum“. In Latin, this means “The New Method”. Assumed in this title is the existence of an old or existing method, which was the method of demonstrative investigation developed by Aristotle in the 4th century before Christ. Aristotle’s “Organon” guided world philosophy and theology for 2,000 years before Bacon called for its rejection.
What is the “Organon”?
Aristotle’s “Organon” is the method or instrument to be used by men in the pursuit of philosophical knowledge. Aristotle teaches this method through six books, which were called “the Organon“, as the 73 books of Sacred Scripture are called the “Bible”. The books included in the Organon are accessible in our Academy Library:
- I. Aristotle, Categories
- II. Aristotle, On Interpretation
- III. Aristotle, Prior Analytics
- IV. Aristotle, Posterior Analytics
- V. Aristotle, Topics
- VI. Aristotle, Sophistical Refutations
Studying the Organon
All of the books of the Organon are studied in our Classical Reasoning Courses.