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Latin Grammar I, Lesson 06. Of Comparison

To complete this lesson, complete the following tasks:

  1.  Study the lesson for mastery.
  2. Complete all Memory Work.
  3. Complete the lesson Assessment.

Lesson

In this lesson we learn of three classes of adjective nouns:  positive, comparative and superlative.

1.  A Positive noun is that which signifies a thing absolutely and simply, as magnus great, parvus small.

2. A Comparative noun is that which either raises up or lowers a thing, as major greater, minor smaller.

3.  A Superlative noun is that which sets a thing in the highest or lowest place, as maximus greatest, minimus smallest.

4.  Comparative and superlative nouns are made from adjective nouns, to which the adverbs magis and minus may rightly be joined, as magis justus more just, minus justus less just, magis fortis more strong, minus fortis less strong.

5.   Substantive nouns, pronouns, also interrogative, relative, redditive, infinite, possessive, patrial, gentile, partitive, cardinal, ordinal, distributive and those which signify matter, as aureus of gold, argentus of silver, cedrinus of cedar; to these errabundus wandering, moribundus dying, fugitivus fleeing, almus nourishing, frugifer fruit-bearing, mediocris mediocre, omnipotens almighty, medius middle, modicus moderate, hesternus of yesterday, and some others, produce neither comparatives nor superlatives.

Not all adjectives admit comparison, but those only, of which the signification is able to be increased or diminished: therefore, unicus unique, omnipotens almighty, infinitus infinite, mediocris mediocre, and the like do not admit comparison.

Memory Work

  1. What is a Positive Noun?
    A Positive noun is that which signifies a thing absolutely and simply.
  2. What is a Comparative Noun?
    A Comparative noun is that which either raises up or lowers a thing.
  3. What is Superlative Noun?
    A Superlative noun is that which sets a thing in the highest or lowest place.
  4. What nouns admit comparison?
    Adjective nouns, of which the signification is able to be increased or diminished, admit comparison.

Assessment

Lesson 06 Exam