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Latin Grammar I, Lesson 04. Of Nouns

To complete this lesson, complete the following tasks:

  1. Study the Lesson, carefully and completely
  2. Complete all Memory Work.
  3. Work to earn a perfect score on the lesson Exam.


In this lesson, we will study the first of the eight parts of speech:  Nouns.

1. Nomen est pars orationis, quae casus habet neque tempora adsignificat, ut: musadominum.
(A) Noun is (a) part of speech, which cases has but not times signifies, as:  (a) muse, (a) lord.

2. Nomen Proprium est quod res proprias atque certas significat, ut: RomulusMantua.
(A) Noun Proper is that which things proper and certain signifies, as: Romulus (a certain king), Mantua (a certain town).

3. Nomen Appellativum est quod res communes atque incertas significat, ut: rexoppidum.
(A) Noun Appellative is that which things common and uncertain signifies, as:  (a) king, (a) town.

4. Nomen Collectivum est, quod numero singulari significat multitudinem, ut: populusgensturba.
(A) Noun Collective is that which in (the) number singular signifies (a) multitude, as:  (a) people, (a) tribe, (a) crowd.

5. Nomen Substantivum (seu fixum) est, quod per se in oratione esse potest, ut: dux imperatmiles obtemperat.
(A) Noun Substantive (or fixed) is that which by itself in speech to be is able, as:  (a) ruler commands, soldiers obey.

6. Nomen Adjectivum (seu mobile) est, quod in oratione esse non potest sine substantivo aperte vel occulte; aperte, ut: dux prudens si strenuas milites dictoque audientes habenti hostes facile superabit; occulte, ut: qui tertiana laborant, non vescuntur bubula; hoc est, tertiana febribubula carne.
(A) Noun Adjective (or movable) is that which in speech to be not is able without (a) substantive, openly or secretly; openly, as:  (A) ruler wise if strong soldiers and to his order obeying having, (his) enemies easily shall overcome; secretly, as:  they who with (a) tertian labor, not do eat beef; that is, with (a) tertian fever, beef meat.

7. Nomen Adjectivum vel habet tres formas, ut: bonus, bona, bonum; vel duas, ut: brevis et breve; vel unam, ut: prudensfelix.
(A) Noun Adjective either has three forms, as: bonus, bona, bonum; or two, as: brevis, breve; or one, as: prudens, felix.

Memory Work

Memorize all of the highlighted, bold content in the lesson.


Latin Grammar I, Lesson 04 Exam