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Elementary Grammar, Lesson 15. The Verb

To complete this lesson, complete the following tasks:

  1. Study the Lesson, carefully and completely.
  2. Complete the lesson Memory Work.
  3. Complete the lesson Exercise.
  4. Complete the lesson Assessment.

Lesson

1. Read the sentence: “Fishes swim.”

What is the subject of this sentence?

The subject is “Fishes.”

Why is “fishes” the subject”?

“Fishes” is the subject because it is that about which something is affirmed.

What is the predicate of the sentence?

The predicate of the sentence is “swim.”

Why is “swim” the predicate of this sentence?

“Swim” is the predicate because it affirms something of the subject.

Is there any copula expressed in the sentence?

No, there is copula expressed in the sentence.

The predicate, then, can be affirmed of the subject directly; one word expressing both the copula and the predicate.

A word which can be used to affirm something of a subject, is called a Verb. It usually expresses action, being, or state; as, “I run.”, denotes action; “I am.”, denotes being; “I sleep.”, denotes state.

A Verb is a word which expresses action, being, or state.

2.  Read the sentence: “Horses trot.”

What is the word “trot” in the sentence?

The word “trot” is a verb.

Why is the word “trot” a verb?

The word “trot” is a verb because it expresses the action of the subject “horses.”

3.  Read the sentence: “Houses stand.”

What is the word “stand” in the sentence?

The word “stand” is a verb.

Why is the word “stand” a verb?

The word “stand” is a verb because it expresses the state of the subject “houses.”

Memory Work

1. What is a Verb?
A Verb is a word which expresses action, being, or state.

Exercise

Lesson 15 Exercises