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Elementary Grammar, Lesson 10. Contractions

To complete this lesson, complete the following tasks:

  1. Study the lesson for mastery.
  2. Memorize the common contractions.
  3. Complete the lesson Exam.

Lesson

Read the sentence below:

“Don’t fail to come.”

In the word “don’t”, we see a mark ( ’ ) between n and t.   This mark is called an Apostrophe.

Sometimes, an apostrophe is used to show that one or more letters are omitted.

To define contraction, we will say:

A contraction is a shortened word, from which some letters have been omitted.

To dedine apostrophe, we will say:

An apostrophe is a sign used to mark the place where one or more letters have been omitted.

Study the common contractions below:

  1. aren’t = are not
  2. can’t = cannot
  3. ’cause = because
  4. could’ve = could have
  5. couldn’t = could not
  6. didn’t = did not
  7. doesn’t = does not
  8. don’t = do not
  9. e’er = ever
  10. hadn’t = had not
  11. hasn’t = has not
  12. haven’t = have not
  13. he’d = he had / he would
  14. he’ll = he shall / he will
  15. he’s = he has / he is
  16. here’s = here is
  17. how’d = how did / how would
  18. how’s = how has / how is / how does
  19. I’d = I would
  20. I’ll = I shall / I will
  21. I’m = I am
  22. I’ve = I have
  23. isn’t = is not
  24. it’d = it would
  25. it’ll = it shall / it will
  26. it’s = it has / it is
  27. let’s = let us
  28. ma’am = madam
  29. might’ve = might have
  30. mustn’t = must not
  31. needn’t = need not
  32. ne’er = never
  33. o’clock = of the clock
  34. o’er = over
  35. she’d = she would
  36. she’ll = she shall / she will
  37. she’s = she has / she is
  38. should’ve = should have
  39. shouldn’t = should not
  40. that’ll = that shall / that will
  41. that’s = that is
  42. that’d = that would
  43. there’d = there would
  44. there’ll = there shall / there will
  45. there’s = there is
  46. they’d = they would
  47. they’ll = they shall / they will
  48. they’re = they are
  49. they’ve = they have
  50. ’tis = it is
  51. ’twas = it was
  52. wasn’t = was not
  53. we’d = we would
  54. we’ll = we shall / we will
  55. we’re = we are
  56. we’ve = we have
  57. weren’t = were not
  58. what’d = what did
  59. what’ll = what shall / what will
  60. what’s = what has / what is
  61. what’ve = what have
  62. where’d = where did
  63. who’d = who would
  64. who’ll = who shall / who will
  65. why’d = why did
  66. won’t = will not
  67. would’ve = would have
  68. wouldn’t = would not
  69. y’all = you all
  70. you’d = you would
  71. you’ll = you shall / you will
  72. you’re = you are
  73. you’ve = you have

Exam

  • Elementary Grammar, Lesson 10 Exam