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Elementary Grammar, Lesson 07. Nouns

To complete this lesson, complete the following tasks:

  1. Study the Lesson, carefully and completely.
  2. Complete all Memory Work.
  3. Complete all lesson Exercises.
  4. Complete the lesson Comprehension Questions

Lesson

In our last lesson, we learned about the parts of speech.  We learned:

Parts of Speech are the classes into which words are divided according to their meaning and use.

What are the words: boy, girl, city, door, window, book, desk?

These words are the names of objects, not the objects themselves.

Because each word is a name, it is called a Noun, which means a name.

A Noun is a name; as boy, John, railroad.

What are the words: house, farm, garden, dog, horse, blacksmith, merchant?

They are nouns.

Why are they nouns?

These words are nouns because they are names.

What are the words Mary, John, Washington, Chicago, Ohio, America?

These words are also nouns.

Why are these words also nouns?

These words are also nouns because these words are also names.

Common and Proper Nouns

Can the name “boy” be applied to any boy in the school, or in the world?

Yes, it can.

The word “boy” is a name then, which is common to all boys;  that is, it can be applied to each of them.

So also, the name girl is common to all girls; the name house, to all houses; the name city, to all cities.

Objects of the same kind form what is called a class. The same name can be applied to each object belonging to the same class.

The names boy, girl, house and city are called Common Nouns, because they can be applied to any one of a class of objects.

A Common Noun is a name which may be applied to any one of a class of objects; as bird, door, lightning.

Can the name “John” be applied to all boys?

No, the name “John” cannot be applied to all boys.

Why not?

Because boys have different names, such as Charles, Frank, Samuel, Clarence.

Why are boys called by different names?

Boys are called by different names in order to distinguish one from another, or to distinguish a particular boy from the rest of the boys in the school, or in the world.

Let’s consider another word.  Can the name “city” be applied to all cities?

Yes, it can.

Let’s try another.  Is the name “Chicago” applied to all cities?

No, it is not.

Why not? Because the word “Chicago” is the name of a particular city.

The names given to particular objects to distinguish the from the rest of their class, are called Proper Nouns.

A Proper Noun is the name of some particular person, place, people, or thing; as, Susan, Rome, American, Mars.

What kind of noun is “plow”?

“Plow” is a common noun.

Why? Because it can be applied to all plows.

What kind of noun is “New York”?

“New York” is a proper noun.

Why?  Because it is the name of a particular city.

Capital Letters

As we learn about common and proper nouns, we must learn some rules about capital letters:

  1. Proper nouns should always begin with capital letters.
  2. The words I and O should always be capital letters.
  3. A common noun should begin with a small letter, unless it is the first word of a sentence or is a word of special importance.
  4. Common nouns, when in a list of words, may begin with capital letters, as if each began a sentence.

Memory Work

  1.  What is a  Noun?
    A Noun is a name; as boy, John, railroad.
  2. What are the two kinds of Nouns?
    The two kinds of nouns are common and proper.
  3. What is a Common noun?
    A Common Noun is a name which may be applied to any one of a class of objects; as bird, door, lightning.
  4. What is a Proper noun?
    A Proper Noun is the name of some particular person, place, people, or thing; as, Susan, Rome, American, Mars.
  5. How are common and proper nouns marked in writing?
    A proper noun always begins with a capital letter.   A common noun begins with a small letter, unless it is the first word of a sentence, a word of special importance, or in a list of words.

Exercises

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Exam

  • Elementary Grammar, Lesson 07 Exam