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Elementary Grammar, Lesson 06. The Parts of Speech

To complete this lesson, complete the following tasks:

  1. Study the lesson for mastery.
  2. Complete the lesson Exam.

Lesson

Look at the sentence:

“Scholars study.”

What word is here used instead of the names of the persons of whom we are speaking?

The word “scholars” is used instead of the names of the persons of whom we are speaking.  This is an example of a substantive noun.

What word tells what scholars do?

The word “study” tells us what scholars do. This is an example of a verb.

Look at this sentence:

“Good scholars study.”

What word here describes scholars?

The word “good” describes scholars.  This is an example of an adjective noun.

Look at this sentence:

“Good scholars study diligently.”

What word here tells how good scholars study?

The word “diligently” tells us how good scholars study.  This is an example of an adverb.

Words, then, not only have different meanings, but they are also used in different ways.

They can be divided into classes, according to their meaning and use. These classes are called Parts of Speech.

Parts of Speech are the classes into which words are divided according to their meaning and use.

In the sentences above, substantive nouns, verbs, adjective nouns and adverbs are some examples of the parts of speech.

To know which class any word belongs to, we must know:

  • the word’s meaning
  • the word’s use

Exam

  • Elementary Grammar, Lesson 06 Exam