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World Geography, Lesson 09. On the Forms and Motions of the Earth, Part 2

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101. What is the axis of the earth?
A. The axis of the earth is an imaginary line passing through its center North and South.

102. What are the poles of the earth?
A. The poles of the earth are the ends of the axis.

103. How many poles are there ?
A. There are two poles; the North, and the South Pole.

104. Where are the poles situated?
A. The North Pole is the north point of the earth’s axis, and the South Pole is the south point.

105. How far distant are the poles situated from each other ?
A. The poles are situated one hundred and eighty degrees from each other.

106. How many miles is that?
A. The poles are about 12,500 miles from each other, which is half round the world.

107. What is the size or bulk of the earth?
A. The size or bulk of the earth is nearly 25,000 miles in circumference, and 8,000 in diameter.*

108. What is meant by the circumference of the earth?
A. The circumference of the earth is the distance round the middle of its surface or outside.

109. What is meant by diameter?
A. The diameter is the distance across or through the middle part of it.

110. If you were to run a thread round the outside of an apple, the length of it would be the extent of the circumference; and if you were to cut the apple through the middle and measure it across the cut part, that would be the diameter.

111. So great is the circumference of the earth, that if a man could travel without interruption from water, it would take him one thousand days, or three years, to come round to the place he started from, reckoning that he travelled twenty five miles every day.


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World Geography, Lesson 09 Exam