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World Geography, Lesson 07. Productions of the Earth

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78. What are the productions of the earth?
A. The productions of the earth are either vegetable, animal, or mineral.
79. What are vegetable productions?
A. Vegetable productions are those things that grow out of the ground, as trees, plants, grain, fruits and flowers.
80. What are the vegetable productions most useful to mankind?
A. The vegetable productions most useful to mankind are wheat, corn, rye, rice, potatoes, bread – fruit, &c.
81. What are the chief classes of the animal kingdom?
A. The chief classes of the animal kingdom are beasts, birds, fishes, reptiles, and insects.
82. What are minerals?
A. Minerals consist of substances of various kinds, that are dug out of the earth.
83. What are the principal classes of minerals?
A. The principle classes of minerals are four: the metallic, the inflammable, precious stones, and building- stones.
84. What are the most important metallic minerals?
A. The most important metallic minerals are gold, silver, iron, copper, and lead.
85. What are the principal inflammable minerals?
A. The principal inflammable minerals are pitcoal, peat, sulphur, bitumen, and asphaltum.
86. What are the most valuable precious stones?
A. The most valuable precious stones are diamonds, sapphires, rubies, and emeralds.

Diamonds are highly valuable, and are often found amongst the earth, at the bottoms of rivers.

87. What are some of the principal building-stones ?
A. Some of the principal building-stones are granite, limestone, marble, chalk, slate, and sandstone. Mineral springs, both hot and cold , occur in many parts of the earth.

The most remarkable are the Geysers, or Spouting springs of Iceland, which throw up volumes of hot water, with a noise like cannon , Great Geyser. to the height of 90 or 100 feet.