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World Geography, Lesson 04. Natural Divisions of Land Part 1

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43. How is the land surface of the earth divided?
A. The land surface of the earth is divided into the Eastern and Western continents.
44. What does the Eastern continent comprise?
A. The Eastern continent comprises Europe, Asia, and Africa .
45. What does the Western continent comprise?
A. The Western continent comprises North America and South America.
46. What other division is there on the earth?
A. The other division on earth is Oceanica, which comprises the islands of the Pacific Ocean.
47. What are the Eastern and Western continents sometimes called?
A. The Eastern and Western continents are sometimes called the Eastern and Western Hemispheres. The word hemisphere signifies half a globe.
48. Into what division is the earth divided by the Equator?
A. The Equator divides the Earth Into the Northern and Southern Hemispheres.
49. What does the Northern Hemisphere comprise?
A. The Northern Hemisphere comprises that part of the earth between the Equator and the North Pole.
50. What does the Southern Hemisphere comprise?
A. The Southern Hemisphere comprises that part of the Earth between the Equator and the South Pole.
51. What are the natural divisions of the land surface of the earth?
A. The natural divisions of the land surface of the earth are Continents, Peninsulas, Isthmuses, Islands, Capes, and Promontories.
52. Why are these called natural divisions?
A. These are called natural divisions to distinguish them from political divisions, such as Empires, Kingdoms, and Republics.
53. What is a Continent?
A. A Continent is a great extent of land, containing many countries. America is a continent.
54. What is a Peninsula?
A. A Peninsula is a portion of land, nearly surrounded by water. Africa and South America are peninsulas.
55. What is an Isthmus?
A. An Isthmus is a narrow neck of land, which joins two parts of a continent, or a peninsula to a continent; as the Isthmus of Darien, and the Isthmus of Suez.
56. What are Islands?
A. Islands are portions of land, entirely surrounded by water, as the British Islands, or Newfoundland.
57. What is a Cape?
A. A Cape is a point of land extending into the sea, as the Cape of Good Hope, and Cape Horn.
58. What is a Promontory?
A. A Promontory is a high point of land, extending into the sea, the extreme end of which is sometimes called a cape, sometimes a point, and sometimes a headland.

Some Capes and Promontories have light-houses built on them: these are so called because they have a bright light burning on the top of them after dark, that ships may not sail too near the land.