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World Geography, Lesson 01. Introduction

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Lesson

1. What is Geography ?
Geography is the description of the surface of the Earth.
2. What is the surface of the Earth ?
The surface of the Earth is the outside part of the Earth.
3. How is the surface of the Earth divided ?
The surface of the Earth is divided into land and water.
4. How much of the earth’s surface is Land?
About one-fourth of the earth’s surface is Land.
5. How much more water than land is there on the Earth?
There is at least three times more water than land on the earth.
6. What is the name given to the chief part of the water on the surface of the earth?
The name given to the chief part of the water on the surface of the earth is the Sea, or Ocean.
7. Is the water of the Ocean salt or fresh?
The water of the Ocean is salt.
8. How does the Ocean appear ?
The Ocean appears blue and boundless, like the sky.
9. How wide is the Ocean?
In some places, the Ocean is 10,000 miles wide; in others, 3,000 and 4,000, so that ships may sail for weeks, and even months, without coming to land.
10. In what way does the Ocean benefit mankind?
The Ocean furnishes an abode for innumerable fishes, which are the means of supplying millions of men with food and employment: besides this, the ocean renders intercourse between distant countries easy and rapid.
11. For what purpose do ships sail on the Ocean ?
Ships sail on the Ocean to carry the products of our own country to other parts of the world, and bring back in return things that are useful to us.
12. What is the trade carried on in ships called?
Trade carried on in ships is called Commerce, and is highly useful to mankind.
13. How is Commerce useful ?
Commerce gives employment to vast numbers of men ; and by it we become acquainted with other parts of the Earth.
14. In what other way does the Ocean benefit mankind?
The vapour or fog which rises from the ocean, forms rain, which waters the earth, and fills our springs and rivers.
15.  What else may be observed of the Ocean ?
The saltiness of the Ocean prevents it from becoming corrupt, and the constant agitation of its waters, by the winds, preserves it from the extremes of heat and cold. 

Assessment