Latin Vocabulary, Lesson 11. Metals

To complete this lesson, complete the following tasks:

  1. Study the lesson below, carefully and completely.
  2. Read the instructions for translation exercises.
  3. Complete translation exercises.
  4. Memorize all lesson vocabulary.
  5. Work to earn a perfect score on your lesson exam.

Lesson

Plumbum est molle et grave. Ferrum est durum et Calybs durior. Faciunt Cantharos e stamno, ahena e cupro, candelabra ex orichalco, thaleros ex argento, scutatos et coronatos ex auro. Argentum vivum, semper liquet, et corrodit metalla.

Exposition

Plumbum est molle et grave. Ferrum est durum et Calybs durior.

  • plumbum: substantive noun, “lead”
  • est: verb, “is”
  • molle: adjective noun, “soft”
  • et: conjunction, “and”
  • grave: adjective noun, “heavy”
  • ferrum: substantive noun, “iron”
  • durum: adjective noun, “hard”
  • calybs: substantive noun, “steel”
  • durior: adjective noun, “harder”

Translation: Lead is soft and heavy. Iron is hard and steel heavier.

Faciunt Cantharos e stamno, ahena e cupro, candelabra ex orichalco, thaleros ex argento, scutatos et coronatos ex auro.

  • faciunt: verb, “they make”
  • cantharos: substantive noun, “tankards”
  • e (=ex): preposition, “out of”
  • stamno: substantive noun, “tin”
  • ahena: substantive noun, “kettles”
  • cupro: substantive noun, “copper”
  • candelabra: substantive noun, “candlestick”
  • ex: preposition, “out of”
  • orichalco: substantive noun, “brass”
  • thaleros: substantive noun, “dollars”
  • argento: substantive noun, “silver”
  • scutatos: substantive noun, “ducats”
  • et: conjunction, “and”
  • coronatos: substantive noun, “crowns”
  • auro: substantive noun, “gold”

Argentum vivum, semper liquet, et corrodit metalla.

  • argentum vivum: substantive noun, “mercury” (literally, “quick silver”)
    • argentum: substantive noun, “silver”
    • vivum: adjective, “quick”
  • semper: adverb, “always”
  • liquet: verb, “is liquid”
  • et: conjunction, “and”
  • corrodit: verb, “corrodes”
  • metalla: substantive nouns, “metals”

Translation

Lead is soft and heavy. Iron is hard, and steel is harden. They make tankards out of tin, kettles out of copper, candlesticks out of brass, dollars out of silver, ducats and crowns out of gold. Mercury is always liquid and corrodes metals.

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