Latin Vocabulary, Lesson 02. God

To complete this lesson, complete the following tasks:

  1. Study the lesson below, carefully and completely.
  2. Read the instructions for translation exercises.
  3. Complete translation exercises.
  4. Memorize all lesson vocabulary.
  5. Work to earn a perfect score on your lesson exam.

Lesson

Deus est ex seipso, ab aeterno in aeternum. Perfectissiumum et beatissimum ens. Essentia Spiritualis et unus. Hypostasi Trinus. Voluntate, Sanctus, Justus, Clemens, Verax. Potentia maximus. Bonitate Optimus. Sapientia, immensus. Lux inaccessa; et tamen omnia in omnibus. Ubique et nullibi. Summum Bonum, et solus et inexhaustus Fons omnium Bonorum. Ut Creator, ita Gubernator et Conservator omnium rerum, quas vocamus Mundum.

Exposition

1. Deus est ex seipso, ab aeterno in aeternum, perfectissiumum et beatissimum ens.

  • Deus: substantive non, “God”
  • est: verb, “exists”
  • ex: preposition, “of”
  • seipso: pronoun, “himself”
  • ab: preposition, “from”
  • aeterno: substantive noun, “eternity”
  • in: preposition, “to”
  • aeternum: substantive noun, “eternity”
  • perfectissimum: adjective noun, “most perfect”
  • et: conjunction, “and”
  • beatissimum: adjective noun, “most blessed”
  • ens: substantive noun, “being”

Translation: God exists of Himself, from eternity to eternity, a most perfect and blessed being.

2. Essentia Spiritualis et unus. Hypostasi Trinus.

  • essentia: substantive noun, “in essence”
  • spiritualis: adjective noun, “spiritual”
  • et: conjunction, “and”
  • unus: adjective noun, “one”
  • hypostasi: substantive noun, “in person”
  • trinus: adjective noun, “three”.

4. Voluntate, Sanctus, Justus, Clemens, Verax.

  • voluntate: substantive noun, “in will”
  • sanctus: adjective noun, “holy”
  • justus: adjective noun, “just”
  • clemens: adjective noun, “merciful”
  • verax: adjective noun, “true”

5. Potentia maximus. Bonitate Optimus. Sapientia, immensus.

  • potentia: substantive noun, “in power”
  • maximus: adjective noun, “the most great”
  • bonitate: substantive noun, “in goodness”
  • optimus: adjective noun, “the most great”
  • sapientia: substantive noun, “in wisdom”
  • immensus: adjective noun, “immeasurable”.

6. Lux inaccessa; et tamen omnia in omnibus. Ubique et nullibi.

  • lux: substantive noun, “light”
  • inaccessa: adjective noun, “inaccessible”
  • et: conjunction: “and”
  • tamen: conjunction, “nevertheless”
  • omnia: adjective noun, “all”
  • in: preposition, “in”
  • omnibus: adjective, “all”
  • ubique: adverb, “everywhere”
  • nullibi: adverb, “nowhere”

7. Summum Bonum, et solus et inexhaustus Fons omnium Bonorum.

  • summum: adjective noun, “highest”
  • bonum: adjective noun, “good”
  • et: conjunction, “and”
  • solus: adjective noun, “only”
  • inexhaustus: adjective noun, “inexhaustible”
  • fons: substantive noun, “fountain”
  • omnium: adjective noun, “of all”
  • bonorum: adjective noun, “good”

8. Ut Creator, ita Gubernator et Conservator omnium rerum, quas vocamus Mundum.

  • ut: conjunction, “as”
  • Creator: substantive noun, “(the) Creator”
  • ita: conjunction, “so”
  • Gubernator: substantive noun, “(the) Governor”
  • et: conjunction, “and”
  • Conservator: substantive noun, “(the) Preserver”
  • omnium: adjective noun, “of all”
  • rerum: substantive noun “things
  • quas: pronoun, “which”
  • vocamus: verb, “we call”
  • mundum: substantive noun, “(the) world”

Translation

God exists of Himself, from eternity to eternity, a most perfect and most blessed being. In essence, (He is) spiritual and one; in person, three. In will, (He is) holy, just, merciful and true. In power, the most great; in goodness, the most great; in wisdom, immeasurable. (A) Light inaccessible, and nevertheless all in all, everywhere and nowhere. (He is) (the) highest good and only inexhaustible fountain of all good. As (the) Creator, so (the) Governor and (the) Preserver of all things which we call (the) world.”

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