Porphyry, Introduction. Chapter 1

In the 5th century BC, ideas of democracy were growing in Greece and wise men saw a danger growing alongside them. As power moved into the hands of the people, opportunities opened for cunning men to deceive. These men, called “Sophists”, pretended to be wise in order to gain influence in society, and the common people could not detect their tricks. Wise men knew they were wrong, but couldn’t identify or explain what it was that was wrong. Socrates made the first breakthrough, developing the practice which would later be known as “dialectical reasoning.” The “Socratic Method” was a helpful … Continue