Classical Mythology: The god Apollo

Apollo is represented as a beardless youth, with long hair, comely and graceful, who wears a laurel crown, and shines in garments embroidered with gold, with a bow and arrows in one hand, and a harp in the other. He is at other times described holding a shield in one hand and the Graces in the other. And because he has a threefold power in heaven, where he is called Sol; in earth, where he is named Liber Pater; and in hell, where he is styled Apollo; he is usually painted with these three things: a harp, a shield, and … Continue

World Chronology, Lesson 28. Constantine & the Edict of Milan (313 AD)

Study the life of Constantine in the Classical Liberal Arts Academy's World Chronology Course

Jesus Christ gave His disciples a very clear message as to what was to come. It was clear to all that the work ahead of them was not going to be easy. He taught them plainly that they were to seek comfort in heaven and not to expect comfort on earth: “Blessed are ye when they shall revile you, and persecute you, and speak all that is evil against you, untruly, for my sake: Be glad and rejoice, for your reward is very great in heaven. For so they persecuted the prophets that were before you.” From the time the … Continue

The Great Schism (1054 AD)

Hagia Sophia

In World Chronology, we have read the history of God’s saving work in the world, from the call of Abraham through to the Christianization of Europe in the time of Charlemagne. Even the terrible Vikings bowed before the Cross. It would seem that in a short time all the world would be renewed and the time of Our Lord’s return would be at hand. However, in God’s mysterious wisdom, the ability to ruin what was accomplished was left to men in the Church. Therefore, while the branches of the Church reached to the ends of the earth, and the walls … Continue

William Shakespeare, Love’s Labour’s Lost

The Date of Love’s Labour’s Lost “Love’s Labour’s Lost” may safely be regarded as the earliest of Shakespeare’s plays. Its composition may be assigned without much fear of refutation to the year 1591, when its author was twenty-seven years old. He had probably arrived in London in search of a career five years before, and had at length gained a firm hold on the theatrical profession. He had made some progress in the reputation of an actor. Then, growing conscious of the possession of a playwright’s capacity, he was ambitious to put that consciousness to a practical test.” (Lee, Sir … Continue

William Shakespeare, Two Gentlemen of Verona

Picture of William Shakespeare

The Date of Two Gentlemen of Verona Shakespeare’s play “Two Gentlemen of Verona” is said to be one of Shakespeare’s earliest plays. In chronology, it is believed to have been produced after “Love’s Labor Lost” (1589) and “The Comedy of Errors” (1590). In his introduction, Garnett writes that the play “breathes the inspiration of eager, thoughtless, irresponsible youth” and clearly belongs among Shakespeare’s earliest works. The Plot of Two Gentlemen of Verona The plot of Shakespeare’s “Two Gentlemen of Verona”, as Garnett explains, is “expanded from an episode in the second book of Jorge de Montemayor’s famous Spanish romance2, “La … Continue

William Shakespeare, Comedy of Errors

Picture of William Shakespeare

The Date of the Comedy of Errors Shakespeare’s play “The Comedy of Errors” has been dated to 1590 AD, based on internal evidence that includes references to historical events. Among Shakespeare’s plays, it is said to be the second, set between “Love’s Labor Lost” (1589) and “Two Gentlemen of Verona” (1591). This places the date of this play in the midst of the Protestant Reformation in England, half a century after martyrdom of St. Thomas More (1535) and the Council of Trent (1545). The Plot of the Comedy of Errors This play is not an original creation of Shakespeare’s, but … Continue

Free Help for Responsible Reading

Classical Liberal Arts Academy - Classical Catholic Education for Catholic School and Catholic Homeschool Students

The difference between the responsible study of world literature and the idle love of reading is found in the reader’s intentions when reading. The idle reader looks to be entertained and he gives attention to the characters and events of the story. This reading is the equivalent of watching a television show–and reading, for such a reader, is little more than that. The responsible reader understands that he is reading the work of a human writer and he gives his attention to the author and his methods in writing. He does not seek to be entertained like a child, but … Continue